This essay presents the consequences of drug addictions and provides coverage for the past six years of Appalachian drug-addicted mothers and their children. According to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), about 2.7 million women in the United States abuse alcohol or drugs. Those who are most affected by addiction are the children. Most of these women have two or three children, of whom many have lost custody. According to Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the estimated number of drug-exposed infants bore each year in the United States ranges from 100,000 to 320,000. What is the future of these children? Are they destined to become the next victims, batterers or addicts? Is it possible to break the cycle that often passes silently from one generation to another?
Yanina Manolova is a visual journalist. A native of Bulgaria, she received her BFA in education and minor in speech pathology at Sofia University “St.Kl.Ohridski”. In 2000 she moved to the United States where she earned MA in photography at Ohio University's School of Visual Communication. She has worked on different projects in Africa, Latin America, Europe and USA. Her work has been featured in the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), USA Today, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Boston Globe, and many others. Her photos appeared at numerous exhibits and she has won several international awards and various nominations including in the NPPA: Best of Photojournalism, Alexia Foundation for World Peace, Northern Short Course in Photojournalism, Southern Short Course in News Photography, NPPA: Women In Photojournalism and many others.